The Medical Promise of Stem Cells

Overview:

Stem Cells are an exciting modern field of research with seemingly endless possibilities. These amazing cells have unique biological ability to develop into any of the 210 types of cells found in the human body. Stem cells are undifferentiated and can develop into diverse tissue of the body with specific functions such as such as lungs, liver, brain, hair, and heart.

According to the National Institute for Health (NIH) stem cells serve as a sort of repair system for the body. They can theoretically divide without limits to replenish other cells for as long as the person or animal is still alive. When a stem cell divides, each ‘daughter’ cell has the potential to either remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell, or a brain cell.

Stem cells are unspecialized, meaning they do not have specific function but they have ability to develop into specialized tissue with special function. Due to this distinct property it has inspired great excitement in medical research. Scientists are looking to stem cells for new ways to repair damaged and diseased organs ultimately improving the length and quality of human life.

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