What Is Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem Cell therapy is the biomedical application of stem cells for medical therapy or for curing diseases by introducing stem cells to replace cells damaged or destroyed by diseases or injuries.

(NIH) Definition of Cell-based therapies—Treatment in which stem cells are induced to differentiate into the specific cell type required to repair damaged or destroyed cells or tissues.

For example, pluripotent and multipotent stem cells offer the possibility of a renewable source of replacement cells and tissues to treat many diseases and disabilities.

Stem cell therapy is the key role in regenerative Medicine. It is transforming patient care through the development of personalized stem cell based therapies for a wide range of diseases. Today, donated organs and tissues are often used to replace those organs that are either diseased or destroyed. Unfortunately, the number of people needing a transplant far exceeds the number of organs available for transplantation. Stem cells, directed to differentiate into specific cell types offer the possibility of a renewable source of replacement cells and tissues to treat a numerous diseases and disabilities including Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal cord injury, burns, heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis.

Current Therapies:

Currently, bloods stem cells are the most used in stem cell therapy. For over 50 years doctors across the globe have been using bone marrow transplants in order to transfer blood stem cells to patients. Today, even more advanced techniques of collecting blood stem cells are being used in order to treat diseases such as leukemia, lymphoma and several other inherited blood disorders. An alternative to bone marrow transplants is umbilical cord blood which is also being used as a source of blood stem cells.

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